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The GMO experience in North and South America

International Journal of Technology and Globalisation, Vol. 2, Nos. 1/2, 2006
By Greg Traxler

Abstract: This paper surveys the level and distribution of economic impacts of GMOs in the Americas from 1996-2004. Key institutional factors influencing GMO diffusion are discussed. In 2004 the Americas accounted for 94%, of world GMO area. Diffusion has been concentrated; four countries, four crops and two traits account for the vast majority of area. The economic benefits of the diffusion of GMOs have been widely shared among farmers, industry, and consumers even though delivery has been through the private sector. GMOs have had a favourable environmental impact by facilitating reduced pesticide use and adoption of conservation tillage.

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