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July 26, 2000


Punlished Literature on Science and testing in GMO risk/safety



Not one of these reports relates to *safety* testing on humans or
animals of these foods, does it? This is what I've been asking for and
which no-one can provide.

Since Arpad Pusztai did his testing and determined the harmful effect
of GM potatoes on rats, it seems that no company has been willing to
try safety testing on any of their GM products.

Why is this?

Marcus Williamson

On Thu, 27 Jul 2000 19:10:26 +1100, you wrote:

>AgBioView - http://www.agbioworld.org, http://agbioview.listbot.com
>Along with hundreds of published reports, studies, articles and regulatory
>filings (many available on government and many corporate web sites
>like Monsanto.com.) below noted are a few reference points in
>response to your mistaken claim that there is no evidence of safety
>or related reviews for crops improved through biotechnology. In
>addition, safety studies specific
>to Monsanto products are posted to our web site at
>For each of our products you will find regulatory filings, peer
>review safety studies and other technical information. For example,
>just one of the reference points a click away from you right now is:
>Roundup ReadyAE Soy Safety references
>Characterization of phospholipids from glyphosate-tolerant soybeans
>List, G. R.; Orthoefer, F.; Taylor, N.; Nelsen, T.; Abidi, S. L.
>(Food Quality and Safety Research, NCAUR, USDA, ARS, Peoria, IL,
>61604, USA). J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 76(1), 57-60 1999
>Compositional Analysis of Glyphosate -Tolerant Soybeans Treated with Glyphosate
>Taylor, Nancy B.; Fuchs, Roy L.; MacDonald, John; Shariff, Ahmed R.;
>Padgette, Stephen R. (Monsanto Company, St. Louis, MO, 63198, USA).
>J. Agric. Food Chem., 47(10), 4469-4473 1999
>The expressed protein in glyphosate-tolerant soybean, 5-enolpyruvylshikimate
>3-phosphate synthase from Agrobacterium sp. strain CP4, is rapidly digested
>in vitro and is not toxic to acutely gavaged mice Harrison, Leslie
>A.; Bailey, Michele R.; Naylor, Mark W.; Ream, Joel E.; Hammond,
>Bruce G.; Nida, Debbie L.; Burnette, Barry L.; Nickson, Thomas E.;
>Mitsky, Timothy A.; et al. (Monsanto Co., St. Louis, MO, 63198, USA). J.
>Nutr., 126(3), 728-40 1996
>The feeding value of soybeans fed to rats, chickens, catfish and
>dairy cattle is not altered by genetic incorporation of glyphosate
>Hammond, Bruce G.; Vicini, John L.; Hartnell, Gary F.; Naylor, Mark
>W.; Knight, Christopher D.; Robinson, Edwin H.; Fuchs, Roy L.;
>Padgette, Stephen
>R. (Monsanto Co., St. Louis, MO, 63167, USA). J. Nutr., 126(3), 717-27 1996.
>The composition of glyphosate-tolerant soybean seeds is equivalent to that
>of conventional soybeans Padgette, Stephen R.; Taylor, Nancy Biest;
>Nida, Debbie L.; Bailey, Michele
>R.; MacDonald, John; Holden, Larry R.; Fuchs, Roy L. (Monsanto Co.,
>St. Louis, MO, 63198, USA). J. Nutr., 126(3), 702-16 1996
>Biotechnology and the soybean. Rogers, Stephen G. (Monsanto,
>Brussels, Belg.). Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 68(6,
>Suppl.), 1330S-1332S 1998
>Assessment of the endogenous allergens in glyphosate -tolerant and
>commercial soybean varieties
>Burks, A. W.; Fuchs, R. L.. Arkansas Children's Hospital, University
>of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR 72202, USA..
>Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (1995) Vol. 96, No. 6, 1,
>pp. 1008-1010
>Assessment of the allergenic potential of foods derived from genetically
>engineered plants: glyphosate tolerant soybean as a case study Fuchs,
>R. L.; Eisenbrand, G. [EDITOR]; Aulepp, H. [EDITOR]; Dayan, A. D.
>[EDITOR]; Elias, P. S. [EDITOR]; Grinow, W. [EDITOR]; Ring, J.
>Schlatter, J. [EDITOR]. Ceregen (Monsanto Co.), 700 Chesterfield Parkway
>North, St. Louis, MO 63198, USA.. Meeting info.: Food allergies and
>intolerances: symposium. Food allergies and intolerances: symposium
>(1996 )
>pp. 212-221. 38 ref Publisher: VCH Verlagsgesellschaft mbH. Weinheim. ISBN:
>Safety evaluation of glyphosate-tolerant soybeans Fuchs, R. L.; Re,
>D. B.; Rogers, S. G.; Hammond, B. G.; Padgette, S. R.. The
>Agricultural Group, Monsanto Company, St. Louis, MO 63198, USA.
>Meeting info.: Food safety evaluation. Proceedings of an
>OECD-sponsored workshop
>held on 12-15 September 1994, Oxford, UK. Food safety evaluation.
>Proceedings of an OECD-sponsored workshop held on 12-15 September
>1994, Oxford, UK ( 1996 ) pp. 61-70. 32 ref Publisher: Organisation
>for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Paris. ISBN:
>Herbicide tolerant soybeans: Why growers are adopting Roundup Ready varieties.
>Carpenter, J., Gianessi, L. AgBioForum 2(2), Spring, 1999
>These are just a small sample of the reports and materials easily available
>from Monsanto.com. I'm sorry it's taken you two years to find this
>material. Here are some of the other references I noted above, enjoy:
>ACNFP (Advisory Committee on Novel Foods and Processes). 1991. Department
>of Health Report on Health and Social Subjects, No. 38. Guidelines on
>the Assessment of
>Novel Foods and Processes. London (HMSO).
>ADA. 1993. Position of the American Dietetic Association Biotechnology and
>the Future of Food. Journal of the American Dietetic Association. Vol. 93
>(2) pp 189.
>ASEAN, 1998. Primary Production Company (ed) Regulations for Agricultural
>Products Derived from Biotechnology. Proceedings of the ASEAN Workshop,
>April 1-2, 1998, Singapore.
>Berberich S.A., J.E. Ream, T.L. Jackson, R. Wood, R. Stipanovic, P. Harvey,
>S. Patzer, and R.L. Fuchs. 1996. Safety Assessment of Insect-Protected
>Cotton: The Composition of the Cottonseed is Equivalent to Conventional
>Cottonseed. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41:365-371.
>Council on Scientific Affairs, American Medical Association 1991.
>Biotechnology and the American agricultural industry. J Amer Med
>Assoc 266(3):363-263.
>FAO/WHO, 1991. Strategies for Assessing the Safety of Foods Produced by
>Biotechnology. Report of a Joint FAO/WHO Consultation. World Health
>Organization, Geneva.
>FAO/WHO. 1996. Biotechnology and food safety. Report of a Joint JAO/WHO
>Consultation. FAO, Food and Nutrition Paper 61, Rome Italy.
>Food and Drug Administration (FDA). 1992. Statement of Policy: Foods
>Derived from New Plant Varieties. Notice, Federal Register 57:104;
>Hammond, B.G., J.L. Vicini, G.F. Hartnell, M.W. Naylor, C.D. Knight,
>E. Robinson, R.L. Fuchs and S.R. Padgette. 1996. The Feeding Value of
>Soybeans Fed to Rats, Poultry, Catfish and Dairy Cattle is Not
>Altered by Incorporation of Glyphosate Tolerance. J. Nutrition
>Harrison, L.A., M.R. Bailey, M. Naylor, J. Ream, B. Hammond, D.L. Nida, B.
>Burnette, T.E. Nickson, T. Mitsky, M.L. Taylor, R.L. Fuchs and S.R.
>Padgette. 1996. The Expressed Protein in Glyphosate-tolerance
>Soybean, 5-Enolpryruvyl-shikimate-3-phosphate Synthase from
>Agrobacterium sp. Strain CP4, is Rapidly Digested in vitro and is
>not Toxic to Acutely Gavaged Mice.
>J. Nutrition 126:728-740.
>Health Council of the Netherlands. 1992. Safety of Food Produced by New
>Biotechnology. Publication No. 92.03E. The Hague.
>Health Protection Branch. 1994. Guidelines for the Safety Assessment of
>Novel Foods. Vol. I and II. Health Canada, Ottawa.
>James, C. 1998. Global Review of Commericalized Transgenic Crops: 1998.
>ISAAA Briefs No. 8. ISAAA: Ithaca, NY.
>Japan Ministry of Health and Welfare (MHW). Guidelines for Foods and Food
>Additives Produced by the Recombinant DNA Techniques, 1996. (Japan)
>Lavrik, P.B., Bartnicki, D.E., Feldman, J., Hammond, B.G., Keck, P.J., Love,
>S.L., Naylor, M.W., Rogan, G.J., Sims, S.R. and R.L. Fuchs. 1995. Safety
>Assessment of Potatoes Resistant to Colorado Potato Beetle. In Genetically
>Modified Foods, Safety Issues. K.H. Engel, G.R. Takeoka and R. Teranishi,
>eds. ACS, Washington, DC, pp 148-158.
>Nida, D.L., S. Patzer, P. Harvey, R. Stipanovic, R. Wood and R.L. Fuchs.
>1996. Glyphosate-tolerant Cotton: The Composition of the Cottonseed
>is Equivalent to Conventional Cottonseed. J. Agric. Food Chem.
>Nordic Working Group on Food Toxicology and Risk Evaluation. 1991. Food
>and New Biotechnology - Novelty, Safety and Control Aspects of Foods Made by
>New Biotechnology. Nordic Council, Copenhagen, Nord 1991:18.
>Nutritional Center for Nutrition and Dietetics (NCND) 1996. Food
>Biotechnology: safe, nutritious, healthful, abundant, and tasty food.
>Nutrition fact sheet. Chicago, Illinois USA.
>OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development). 1993. Safety
>Evaluation of Foods Produced by Modem Biotechnology: Concepts and
>Principles. OECD, Paris.
>OECD. 1996. OECD Documents: Food Safety Evaluation. OECD, Paris.
>Official Journal of the European Communities. January 27, 1997. Regulation
>(EC) No. 258/97 of The European Parliament and of the Council. No L43-1 p
>Padgette, S.R., N.B. Taylor, D.L. Nida, M.B. Bailey, J. MacDonald,
>L.R. Holden, and R.L. Fuchs. 1996. The Composition of
>Glyphosate-tolerant Soybean Seeds is Equivalent to Conventional
>Soybeans. J. Nutrition 126:702-716.
>Reed, A.J., K.A. Kretzmer, M.W. Naylor, R.F. Finn, K.M. Magin, B.G. Hammond,
>R.M. Leimgruber, S.G. Rogers and R.L. Fuchs. 1996. A Safety Assessment of
>1-Aminocyclopropane-1-Carboxylic Acid Deaminase (ACCd) Protein Expressed in
>Delayed Ripening Tomatoes. J. Agric. Food Chem. 44:388-394.
>Sanders, P.R., T.C. Lee, M.E. Groth, J.D. Astwood and R.L. Fuchs. 1998.
>Safety Assessment of the Insect-Protected Corn. In Biotechnology and Safety
>Assessment, 2nd edition (Thomas, J.A., editor) Taylor and Francis, pp 241-256.
>WHO. 1995. Application of the Principles of Substantial Equivalence to the
>Safety Evaluation of Foods and Food Components from Plants Derived by
>Modern Biotechnology. Report of a WHO Workshop. World Health
>Organization, Geneva.
>WHO/FNU/FOS/95. 1
>Institute for Economic Affairs. Genetically Modified Nonsense
>(comprehensive report on biotech food safety) Thomas R. DeGregori,
>University of Houston http://www.iea.org.uk/env/gmo.htm
>June 26, 199220
>Vol. 256 ; No. 5065 ; Pg. 1747; ISSN: 0036-807520 The safety of foods
>developed by biotechnology; Policy Forum20 BY: Kessler, David A. ;
>Taylor, Michael R. ; Maryanski, James H. ; Flamm,
>Eric L. ; Kahl, Linda
>Nutrition Today
>June, 1991
>Vol. 26 ; No. 3 ; Pg. 15; ISSN: 0029-666X20 Food safety and
>technology; how engineered food additives might affect food
>industry and production to reduce toxins found in food
>FDA Consumer magazine
>January-February 2000
>Are Bioengineered Foods Safe?; by Larry Thompson
>OECD Reports
>October 1999
>The Concept of Substantial Equivalence in the Safety Assessment of Novel
>American Chemical Society, Washington, DC 1996 ACS Symposium Series 605
>Genetically Modified Food: Safety Issues by Engel, Takeoko, Teranishi
> From symposium sponsored by the Division of Agriculture and Food Chemistry
>at the 208th National Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Washington,
>DC Aug 21-25, 1994.
>Biotechnology and food safety
>FAO Food and Nutrition Paper 61
>Report of a Joint FAO/WHO Consultation
>Rome, Italy, 20 September - 4 October 1996 http://www.fao.org
>R&D Magazine
>November 1999
>Beachy Speaks About the Safety of Transgenic Foods;
>Royal Society (UK)
>Review of data on possible toxicity of GM potatoes Source:
>Nutraceuticals International
>November 1, 1999
>NFPA affirms biotech food safety to Senate
>November 2, 1999
>Biotechnology: Food Security And Safety Focus, Economic Perspectives,
>October 1999
>Safety consideration for food ingredients January 1998/ CHEMTECH
>1998, 28(1), 40-46.
>Canadian Newswire
>Oct 25, 199920
>Genetically Enhanced Foods are Thoroughly Tested for Safety
>Monsanto Company
>June 1998
>Patricia R. Sanders, Thomas C. Lee, Mark E. Groth, Jim D. Astwood, and Roy
>L. Fuchs
>Safety-Assessment Of Insect-Protected Corn
>Marcus Williamson writes:
>>I've been asking GM companies and government agencies for the last
>>two years for reports showing testing GM food safety and not one has
>>to provide them. Can you provide an example (perhaps just one)
>conclusive safety
>testing for GM corn or soya?.
>>Thanks & regards
>>Marcus Williamson