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Date:

July 26, 2000

Subject:

Vitamin A deficiency in India

 

AgBioView - http://www.agbioworld.org, http://agbioview.listbot.com

Subj:Vitamin A deficiency in India
Date:Thu, 27 Jul 2000 1:03:35 AM Eastern Daylight Time
From:SKala@winrock.ernet.in

This is in response to Vandana Shiva's claim that the green revolution
states in India have shown higher incidence of vitamin A deficiency than
the states which were relatively unaffected by green revolution. It would
be useful to compare the pre- and post-green revolution scenarios.
However, at the moment I am posting 1998 official Indian data providing
information on percentage of population suffering vitamin A deficiencincy,
specifically Bitot's Spot, in the different Indian states. Please note
that the states of Haryana, Punjab and part (western) of Uttar Pradesh
have had the maximum impact of the green revolution strategy. Chandigarh
is the capital of both Punjab and Haryana and has a Union Territory status
in India, that is why data is reported separately. Data on Uttar Pradesh
has not been reported.

As you can see Chandigarh, Haryana and Punjab are quite high on the list
and one fails to understand the connection that Shiva has made between
agricultural technology and vitamin deficiency.

Table: Prevalence (%)of Vitamin A Deficeincy
|------------------+---------------|
| State/UT | Bitot's Spot |
| | (%) |
|------------------+---------------|
| Chandigarh | 0 |
|------------------+---------------|
| Goa | 0 |
|------------------+---------------|
| Himachal Pradesh | 0.01 |
|------------------+---------------|
| Tripura | 0.02 |
|------------------+---------------|
| Haryana | 0.04 |
|------------------+---------------|
| Delhi | 0.05 |
|------------------+---------------|
| Daman & Diu | 0.05 |
|------------------+---------------|
| Punjab | 0.12 |
|------------------+---------------|
| Bihar | 0.14 |
|------------------+---------------|
| Manipur | 0.14 |
|------------------+---------------|
| Meghalaya | 0.18 |
|------------------+---------------|
| Sikkim | 0.19 |
|------------------+---------------|
| Gujarat | 0.20 |
|------------------+---------------|
| Rajasthan | 0.22 |
|------------------+---------------|
| Kerala | 0.25 |
|------------------+---------------|
| Arunachal Pradesh| 0.34 |
|------------------+---------------|
| Nagaland | 0.35 |
|------------------+---------------|
| Dadra Nagar | 0.38 |
| Haveli | |
|------------------+---------------|
| Assam | 0.45 |
|------------------+---------------|
| Maharashtra | 0.72 |
|------------------+---------------|
| Karnataka | 0.77 |
|------------------+---------------|
| Andhra Pradesh | 0.79 |
|------------------+---------------|
| Orissa | 0.86 |
|------------------+---------------|
| Madhya Pradesh | 2.62 |
|------------------+---------------|
| Mizoram | 2.97 |
|------------------+---------------|
| Tamil Nadu | 3.11 |
|------------------+---------------|
| Pooled | 0.21 |
|------------------+---------------|


Source - India Nutrition Profile, Department of Women and Child
Development, Ministry of Human Resource Development,
Government of India 1998

Shalini Kala
Assistant Country Manager
Farmer-to-Farmer Program
Winrock International
7 Poorvi Marg, Vasant Vihar
New Delhi 110 057, India