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Date:

February 26, 2000

Subject:

Ag Biotechnology and the Poor

 

AgBioWorld List - http://www.agbioworld.org

Please visit the following site

http://www.cgiar.org/biotech/rep0100/contents.htm

for an excellent report from various experts from across the world on
issues related to agricultural biotechnology in the developing countries,
an outcome of an interesting meeting hosted by CGIAR at the World Bank
during November 1999.

I reproduce the table contents below along the some excerpts from the
Foreword by Ismail Serageldin and Bruce Alberts. I thank Klaus Ammann for
pointing me to this.

- Prakash
======
Agricultural Biotechnology and the Poor

Section One:
Agricultural Biotechnology and the Poor: Promethean Science. G. J. Persley

Section Two: Setting the Scene
The Challenge of Poverty in the 21st Century: the Role of Science. I.
Serageldin.

Feeding the Developing World in the Next Millenium: a Question of Science?
A. McCalla and L. R. Brown.

Genetic Engineering and Food Security: Ecological and Livelihood Issues.
M.S. Swaminathan.

Section Three: Analyzing Opportunities and Constraints in Selected
Countries China: Agricultural Biotechnology Opportunities to Meet the
Challenges of Food Production. Q. Zhang.

India: Biotechnology Research and Development. M. Sharma.

Philippines: Challenges, Opportunities, and Constraints in Agricultural
Biotechnology. R. E. de la Cruz.

Thailand: Biotechnology for Farm Products and Agro-Industries. M.
Tanticharoen.

Brazil: Biotechnology and Agriculture to Meet the Challenges of Increased
Food Production. M.J. A. Sampaio.

Costa Rica: Challenges and Opportunities in Biotechnology and
Biodiversity. A. Sittenfeld, A. M. Espinoza, M. Munoz, & A. Zamora.

Mexico: Ensuring Environmental Safety While Benefiting from Biotechnology.
A. Alvarez-Morales.

Egypt: Biotechnology from Laboratory to the Marketplace: Challenges and
Opportunities. M. A. Madkour.

Iran: Hopes, Achievements, and Constraints in Agricultural Biotechnology.
B. Ghareyazie.

Jordan: Status and Future Prospects of Biotechnology. M. M. Ajlouni and H.
Malkawi.

Kenya: Biotechnology in Africa: Why the controversy? C. G. Ndiritu.

South Africa: Biotechnology for Innovation and Development. B.
Njobe-Mbuli.

Zimbabwe: Exploitation of Biotechnology in Agricultural Research. C. J.
Chetsanga.

Section Four: Controlling Environmental Risks Science-Based Risk
Assessment for the Approval and Use of Plants in Agricultural and Other
Environments. R.J.Cook.

Genetically Modified Crops and Other Organisms: Implications for
Agricultural Sustainability and Biodiversity. B. Johnson.

Sustainable Use of Genetically Modified Crops in Developing Countries. F.
Gould and M.B. Cohen.

Section Five: Minimizing Health Risks
Potential Health Risks of Genetically Modified Organisms: How Can
Allergens be Assessed and Minimized? S. B. Lehrer.

Section Six: Minimizing Social Risks
Modern Biotechnology for Food and Agriculture: Risks and Opportunities for
the Poor. P. Pinstrup-Andersen and M. J. Cohen.

Section Seven: Ethics and Biotechnology
Ethical Challenges of Agricultural Biotechnology for Developing Countries.
K. M. Leisinger.

Section Eight: Public and Private Sector Biotechnology Research Evolving
Role of the Public and Private Sector in Agricultural Biotechnology for
Developing Countries. G. Barry and R. Horsch.

Genomics Research: Prospects for Improving Livestock Productivity. V.
Nene, S. Morzaria, L. Baker, et al.

Leveraging Partnerships Between the Public and Private Sector - Experience
of USAID's Agricultural Biotechnology Program. J. Lewis.

Section Nine: Protecting Intellectual Property Rights Intellectual
Property Protection: Who Needs It? D. L. Richer. Managing Intellectual
Property - Challenges and Responses for Agricultural Research Institutes.
J.L. Cohen.

Section Ten: Communicating about Biotechnology and Addressing Public
Concerns Public Concerns

======
Foreword (Excerpts)

The eradication of poverty and hunger in developing countries represents a
major challenge that is dependent on agricultural productivity and the
discerning application of sci-ence and technology to ensure the health of
people and environments globally. To explore these issues, an
international conference focused on biotechnology and its potential impact
on ag-riculture in developing countries was held at the World Bank in
Washington, D.C., on October 21- 22, 1999.

The conference responded to the pressing need for an open, inclusive, and
participatory debate on potential benefits and risks of biotechnology,
grounded in scientific evidence, and concerned with the common good.
Science-based discussions such as this one are critical in guiding the
strategies of the international agricultural research centers of the CGIAR
as they mobilize, in collaboration with their partners, cutting-edge
science to combat poverty, hunger, and environ-mental degradation in the
world’s developing regions. Over 400 people attended the conference, which
was global in scope. Participants included representatives from the
national research organizations of developing and industrial countries,
nongovernmental and community-based organizations, the private sector,
senior policymakers, academics, scientists, international agricultural
researchers, development communicators, and media. Diverse technological,
environmental, public health, economic, ethical, and social view-points
were actively sought so that linkages could be explored. Our hope was that
the elements of future activities could emerge that are directed
specificallly toward the needs of small farmers and consumers in
developing countries.

We hope that this volume will serve as a cornerstone for building on our
current knowledge, as we head into the new century with a renewed
determination to ensure food security, protect the environment, and reduce
poverty in all developing countries.